Liturgy Of St. Basil The Great
St. Basil the Great was Bishop of Caesarea in the fourth century. Called Great because of his great learning and work he did for our Lord and His Church. He lived from 329 to 379 AD.
St. Basil actually wrote his Liturgy before St. John Chrysostom. St. Basil’s Liturgy is only celebrated ten Sundays a year, along with a few other days:
SUNDAYS OF LENT
LITURGY OF PRESANCTIFIED GIFTS
Instituted by: St. Gregory Diologus
During the Liturgy of Presanctified Gifts there is no consecration of the Eucharist. (blessing of the bread and wine for Communion). But you do receive Holy Communion? The Eucharist is presanctified”, blessed the Sunday before and kept for the Liturgy of PRESANCTIFIED GIFTS.
LITURGY OF ST. JAMES, THE BROTHER OF THE LORD
This Liturgy is celebrated once a year on St. James Day. October 23rd. Not all churches celebrate this Liturgy only Cathedrals dedicated to St. James.
During the Last Supper, Holy Communion was instituted along with the first Divine Liturgy by Jesus Christ. Jesus commanded his disciples to always perform Holy Communion in His memory.
After the crucifixion of Jesus, the disciples instituted an order to the Divine Liturgy which was handed down orally. The first Divine Liturgies were actually celebrated when the Apostles traveled and met with other Christians and also people who wanted to be Christians. They would talk about the teachings of Jesus and the miracles he performed. They then prayed together, sang songs and if baptized participated in Holy Communion.
1 Cor. 10
St. James was the first to give the Divine Liturgy a specific order, but over the years between the Eastern and Western Churches, several Liturgies were developed.
In the Fourth Century the Divine Liturgy was put into written form by St. John Chrysostom, St. Basil the Great, and St. Gregory.
LITURGY OF ST. JOHN CHRYSOSTOM
St. John Chrysostom was the Patriarch of Constantinople. Chrysostom means Golden Mouth. Golden Mouth is the nickname for St. John Chrysostom because he spoke so well. He lived from 347 to 407 AD.
The Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom is celebrated every Sunday throughout the Church year except for the 5 Sundays of Great Lent.